Resources for Module 3 - Vaccine Concerns

The below resources are available for those interested in learning additional information about each module's specific topics. You can jump to a specific module using the links to the right.

Social Factors

Core-U.S. Status   

CDC MMWR Weekly 8/28/2009, National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19--35 Months---United States, 2008

CDC MMWR Weekly 9/18/2009, National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13—17 Years---United States, 2008

American Academy of Family Physicians News Staff, 2009, 2008 Childhood Vaccination Rates Stable, Near Healthy People 2010 Goals


Ethnic Disparities             


Risk of Disease

Dake, K, 1992, Myths of Nature: Culture and the Social Construction of Risk, Journal of Social Issues, 48, pp 21-37)

Vaccine Schedule
Sharts-Hopko, N.,2009, Issues in Pediatric Immunizations, Maternal Child Nursing, Vol 34, No. 2, pp. 80-88.

Mistrust of Government

Vaccination Concerns

Arming yourself with information…
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Common Misconceptions
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Common Concerns
Immunization Action Coalition – Vaccine Concerns
United States Department of Health and Human Services –
1994 National Vaccine Plan
Immunization Action Coalition

Are vaccines safe?
National Academies Press/1994 the Institute of Medicine Report

Is it safe for babies to get so many vaccines?
Stratton, K., Howe, C. and Johnston, R., 1994, p 63
Offit, P., et al., 2002, p 127

Is it safe for babies to get several vaccines at the same time?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Common Misconceptions
Ramsay, D. and Lewis, M., 1994 (abstract only)

Are vaccine ingredients safe?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Is having aluminum in vaccines safe?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Offit, P. and Jew, R., 2003

What is thimerosal and does it cause autism?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Institute of Medicine, 2004

Does the MMR vaccine cause autism?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2010
Halsey, N., Hyman, S. and the Conference Writing Panel 2000
Institute of Medicine, 2004
Deer, B. 2010
Immunization Action Coalition 2010

Too many childhood vaccines…
Vaccine Education Center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Autism research…
Honda, H., Shimizu, Y., and Rutter, M.  2005.  No effect of MMR withdrawal on the incidence of autism: a total population study.  J Child Psychology and Psychiatry, June, 46, pp 572-9.

Hviid, A., Stellfeld, M., Wohlfahrt, J., and Melbye, M.  2003.  Association between thimerosal-containing vaccine and autism.  JAMA, 290, pp 1763-1966.
(Begin Manual Download)

Madsen, KM., Hviid, A., Vestergaard, M., Diana Schendel, D., Wohlfahrt, J., Thorsen, P., Olsen, J. and Melbye, M. 2002.  A Population-Based Study of Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccination and Autism.  N Engl J Med, November, 347, pp 1477-1482.

Schechter, R. and Grether, JK.  2008.  Continuing increases in autism report to California’s developmental services system: mercury in retrograde.  Archives of General Psychiatry, January, 65, pp 15-16.

Additional information on addressing vaccine concerns
CDC website
Bardenheier, B., Yusuf, H., 2004.  Are Parental Vaccine Safety Concerns Associated with Receipt of Measles-Mumps-Rubella, Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids with Acellular Pertussis, or Hepatitis B Vaccines by Children?  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 158, pp 569-575.
Sharts-Hopko, N., 2009.  Issues in Pediatric Immunization MCN, April, 34, 2, pp 80-88.
Hoyert, D. L., Kochanek, K. D., and Murphy, S. L., 1999.  Deaths:  Final Data for 1997.  National Vital Statistics Reports 19, 47.

Pharmaceutical Companies
IOM’s “Financing Vaccines in the 21st Century: Assuring Access and Availability”
(Copy and paste; perform search; document is available in Word)

Merck’s presentation to NVPO ―The Environment Facing US Vaccine Manufacturers
Get the Picture: Child Immunization

Vaccination Barriers

Burns, I. T., and Zimmerman, R. K., 2005, Immunization Barriers and Solutions.  JFP, January, 54, 1, pp
Charo, R. A., 2007.  Politics, Parents, and Prophylaxis – Mandating HPV Vaccination in the United States.  NEJM, May, 356; 19, pp1905-1908.

Legal Concerns and Vaccination

Immunization Action Coalition

California Department of Public Health

Ethical Principles

Colgrove, J. and Bayer, R., 2005.  Could it Happen Here? Vaccine Risk Controversiers and the Specter of Derailment Health Affairs, 24, 3, pp 729-739.
Dombkowski, K. J., Lantz, P. M., and Freed, G. L., 2004.  Risk Factors for Delay in Age-Appropriate Vaccination.  Public Health Reports, March-April, 119, pp 144-155.
Vaccines for Children Program

Measles cases:

Immunization Action Coalition website links